What are the main things people think about when buying a new home? Go on, try and name a few… Let's see, a decent price, nice area, good schools. But what about commute time? If it wasn’t in your top few considerations, it should be.
According to a CoreData survey, 55% of people didn’t consider the cost of commute when purchasing a new home. This figure seems strange when you think about the amount of time each week people spend stuck in traffic or sitting on a train. The average Sydney commuter spends a little over an hour commuting every day. If you exclude getting out and about on the weekends, that works out to be somewhere between five and six hours a week of travel.
Astonishingly, over a year, it amounts to longer than 11 days! But that’s just a rough average and for many people, it’s a lot longer. So what about the cost? Well, this figure is pretty variable, but it can range from about $1,500 a year if you stick to public transport and exceed $5,000 if you drive a larger vehicle, and that’s just the fuel used going to and from work.
So what can be done to claw back some of your precious weekly hours and leave more money in your savings account by the year’s end? Well, as it turns out, you don't have to travel very far at all to transform your commute time or the monetary costs you’ll incur over a lifetime significantly.
Each year, the average Australian spends over 264 hours commuting. One thing that can make a huge difference is the suburb you choose to live in.
In fact, just hopping a couple of suburbs over can drastically shift your commute times or save you tens of thousands of dollars over the course of your life. And interestingly, while a house in one suburb might be cheaper, it may cost you more in the long run when you take the overall price of commuting into account.
To highlight these differences, we’ve crunched the numbers on various pairs of suburbs within the same councils around Sydney, Newcastle and Wollongong with similar median house prices and compared the time and cost of commuting via public transport to Sydney Central station.
The table below takes a look at two suburbs within 10 popular councils in Sydney and surrounding areas and compares the cost and average commute time. Here’s where we got the figures:
The median house price was found on onthehouse.com.au by CoreLogic on March 1 2019.
Daily commute times and the average cost of the daily commute was taken from Transport for NSW and was based on commute via public transport to Central Station at peak hour on March 1 2019. Commute routes were taken from major transport hubs within that suburb - either train stations or bus stations on main roads.
For lifetime commute cost, we calculated the daily cost of commute times 250 (number of working days this year). We then took that total and times by 42 (estimated number of working years).
Lifetime commute cost was calculated using Ford’s Commuting Calculator based on 42 working years.
How commute costs vary across suburbs in the same council in Sydney and surrounding areas
As you can see from the table, there can be a lot of difference in lifetime commute time and costs between neighbouring suburbs, even if they might be just a few kilometres away. If you look closely, there is no direct correlation between saving money and time. You may be cutting your commute time by living in one suburb, but it might end up costing you more in the long run.
So really when it comes down to it, you’ve got to weigh up what is important to you. Some suburbs, however, are clearly a win-win, saving you both money and time. It really goes to show the value in doing some research into your suburb’s commuting options.
Let’s break down each of our comparisons to see the cost of commuting in Sydney and surrounding areas.
Comparison of commute distance of Sydney suburbs in the same council
- Redfern demographics: 20-39
- Alexandria demographics: 20-39
- Redfern lifestyle score: 10/10
- Alexandria lifestyle score: 9/10
- Redfern community score: 9/10
- Alexandria community score: 9/10
- Marrickville demographics: 20-39
- Enmore demographics: 20-39
- Marrickville lifestyle score: 9/10
- Enmore lifestyle score: 9/10
- Marrickville community score: 9/10
- Enmore community score: 9/10
- Ryde demographics: 20-39
- East Ryde demographics: 40-59
- Ryde lifestyle score: 8/10
- East Ryde lifestyle score: 8/10
- Ryde community score: 9/10
- East Ryde community score: 10/10
- Parramatta demographics: 20-39
- Rydalmere demographics: 40-59
- Parramatta lifestyle score: 8/10
- Rydalmere lifestyle score: 8/10
- Parramatta community score: 9/10
- Rydalmere community score: 9/10
- Kingsford demographics: 20-39
- Maroubra demographics: 20-39
- Kingsford lifestyle score: 8/10
- Maroubra lifestyle score: 8/10
- Kingsford community score: 9/10
- Maroubra community score: 9/10
- Chatswood demographics: 20-39
- Middle Cove demographics: 40-59
- Chatswood lifestyle score: 8/10
- Middle Cove lifestyle score: 8/10
- Chatswood community score: 9/10
- Middle Cove community score: 10/10
- Jannali demographics: 20-39
- Kareela demographics: 40-59
- Jannali lifestyle score: 9/10
- Kareela lifestyle score: 9/10
- Jannali community score: 10/10
- Kareela community score: 10/10
- Casula demographics: 20-39
- Liverpool demographics: 20-39
- Casula lifestyle score: 8/10
- Liverpool lifestyle score: 8/10
- Casula community score: 9/10
- Liverpool community score: 8/10
Comparison of commute distance of Newcastle and Wollongong suburbs in the same council
- Wollongong demographics: 20-39
- Helensburgh demographics: 40-59
- Wollongong lifestyle score: 9/10
- Helensburgh lifestyle score: 8/10
- Wollongong community score: 9/10
- Helensburgh community score: 10/10
- Newcastle demographics: 20-39
- Cooks Hill demographics: 20-39
- Newcastle lifestyle score: 9/10
- Cooks Hill lifestyle score: 9/10
- Newcastle community score: 9/10
- Cooks Hill community score: 9/10
The true cost of commuting
By now you probably get the picture, between close suburbs there can be a lot of difference in commuting time. Yes, you save time and money, but there are other costs that you might not even think about.
One such problem is physical health. Correlations have also been found with higher blood pressure and obesity. Simply put, more time sitting down means less time for exercise. A 2016 report also found that commuters consumed roughly 800 more calories a week, basically due to those extra snacks you might purchase for a long train trip.
As well as costs to physical health, commuting may also take a toll on mental health. A 2014 study that examined the well being of UK commuters found that for each extra minute travelled, happiness and self-satisfaction declined. A 2007 study of commuters in Germany by economists Alois Stutzer and Bruno Frey found similar results, the longer the commuters had to drive to work, the less life satisfaction they had.
When you think about it, commuting can be a stressful thing, excess traffic or a train delay can make you late to work, and both these factors can be completely out of your control.
Research from CoreData has shown that technology has made it easier for people to stay occupied while commuting, however, this can have varying effects. Research has shown that ‘Phone Addicts’ are more commonly found among public transport users.
The ideal commute
So is there an ideal daily commute? Well as it turns out, around the world there exists a general average named ‘Marchetti’s Constant’. The Italian physicist found that people have a daily travel threshold of around an hour, so half an hour either way. Some cities are slightly more and slightly less, but the constant works pretty well all around the world. The idea states that people will fill up their time accordingly - if they live closer they may walk for half an hour, or if they live further they might drive for half an hour.
A recent study has found that commuter behaviour in Sydney sticks to this pattern, with the city’s average one-way trip to work at clocking in at 37-minutes. The Grattan Institute made similar findings for Sydney and Melbourne in a 2017 study. Leading regional economist Terry Rawnsley has voice concerns in that skilled workers may disregard high productivity jobs in employment hubs, instead settling for work closer to home.
Many people will consider changing occupation or where they live rather than putting up with long commute time.
Despite this CoreData’s findings showed that for workers in Sydney 58.5% of workers either agree or strongly agree that they would prefer a long commute (over an hour) if it meant travelling to their dream job, compared to a short commute (under half an hour) to a less than ideal job.
The fact of the matter is that not everyone has their dream job, and even still when the costs and time of commuting are taken into account, many people will consider changing occupation or where they live rather than putting up with long commute time.
When you take into account that the average person spends around 13 years of their lives at work over a lifetime, it makes sense that we wouldn’t want to add more unnecessary time into that portion of our lives. Given the cost of Sydney’s housing and slow wage growth it’s also understandable that you want to be maximising the amount of money you take home.
What do you value more: time or money?
When considering which suburb to purchase a new home, the cost of commuting should always be a factor to consider. But what do you value more: time or money? By moving a suburb over, you might not be able to improve both metrics, but you can choose one, in most cases above, time or money spent can be improved.
Here’s some food for thought, perhaps by reducing your commute cost, you could afford a home in a more desirable location long term. An $80,000 saving in lifetime transports costs can really go a long way, and what about the years you’ll get back? I’ll let you dream about what you’d do given the extra time.
Commuting means something different to everyone, for some, this journey can be enjoyable, a peaceful moment to read a book, but for some the stress of being banked up in traffic makes it seem like the lowlight of their day. At the end of the day, they have to weigh up the value of their own journey. But for those who need change, or are committed to a shorter or cheaper commute time, the answer might only mean moving a suburb or two away.